Periodontal Disease

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Periodontal Disease

We are all focused on sound teeth and an excellent smile. We should just as equally be concerned with healthy gums. At Twin Dental, we routinely evaluate our patients’ periodontal health both at the initial exam and at every visit following. Treatment is vitally important and tailored towards your individual needs. Patients who are periodontally healthy, without gum pocketing, bleeding, bone loss or heavy tartar accumulation generally receive a routine cleaning and polishing.

When signs of gum disease begin to appear, we normally recommend scaling and root planing treatments. Gingivitis is frequently marked by red, bleeding, painful, swollen gums, though there are times when no symptoms exist. Occurrences such as bleeding during brushing, bad breath, and shifting sensations should be taken seriously. As the infection intensifies and affects tissue, the jaw can recede, ultimately leading to loose teeth. The intensive scaling and root planing treatment helps our patients return to good periodontal health and hopes to eliminate the need for referral to periodontal surgery. For patients with more isolated areas of gum disease, we offer localized treatment with medications targeted directly to the affected area.

Periodontal disease is the result of extensive plaque, but other variables can accelerate its progression. Hormonal changes, such as pregnancy, puberty, menopause and menstruation, make gums extra-sensitive. This can boost the chances of gingivitis. Cancer, diabetes and HIV tend to weaken the immune system, thus possibly leading to gingivitis.

Saliva is a weapon in protecting your mouth from harmful bacteria. Certain medications can reduce the flow of saliva and cause dry mouth, increasing the risk for gingivitis. In addition, some drugs can cause abnormal growths in the gum tissue. Habitual smoking and grinding of teeth encourage gum disease. Finally, family history should be acknowledged, as hereditary causes can play a role in periodontal disease.

Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in the developed world. As this is a progressive condition, do not wait to pursue treatment. Call our Cincinnati office today to seek our staff’s expertise.